One of the best features that an operating system can have is customization. The ability for the user to adjust a computer or device to their liking is truly extraordinary.
Some operating systems, in this sense, are more complete than others … but none like Linux. That is why today you will discover how to install Gnome pointer and icon themes in Ubuntu manually.
In this way, you will have the possibility of giving a unique and original touch to your computer. Do you dare to try it? All the information you need is here!
A glimpse of the Linux planet
To speak of Linux is to refer to one of the most used operating systems in the world for computers. After Windows and macOS, Linux has shown itself as an interesting option for computers due to its characteristics.
The main quality or attraction of this operating system is open source. This means that collaborators who use this system all over the world can make important and interesting contributions.
In this way, each and every one of the Linux distributions (such as Ubuntu, for example), experience constant improvements. This ensures optimum performance in terms of functions and tools.
What is Gnome?
It was 1999 when Mexican programmers Federico Mena and Miguel de Icaza launched Gnome. The project was started in 1997 and today it is positioned as the best customization tool. No matter how many versions of Ubuntu there are, Gnome is the best option to customize your computer.
You don’t need to be an expert who knows how to install programs in Ubuntu. The reality is that installing Gnome pointer and icon themes is pretty straightforward. Of course, you must take into account some things before starting.
The first thing is to know the version of the operating system you have. If you want to update Ubuntu to the latest version, you can. If not, calm down, there are fonts and icons compatible with previous versions.
The next thing will be to locate the topic of your preference. The Ubuntu user community is huge, so there are many blogs sharing this kind of thing.
When you find the one you consider ideal, download the packages or file to unzip. So everything is ready to start the installation.
If you’ve downloaded a complete package that allows you to install Gnome pointer and icon themes, great! So you have, precisely, the possibility of performing a single procedure.
It is important to note that you can install a complete theme. But you can also install fonts, backgrounds, icons, and pointers individually.
Once you have downloaded the theme, you must unzip the file. Be aware of the elements resulting from decompression. Now, you just have to:
- Run the terminal.
- Enter the command sudo nautilus
- Then your file manager will run.
- Go to your personal folder and press the “Ctrl” and “H” keys. This will show hidden folders.
- In case it does not work, you will have to go to other options to show hidden files in the Linux terminal. It is possible to do it from your manager by means of the option “show hidden files”.
- Locate and select the “.themes” folder. Access and paste the elements that resulted from the archive you unzipped.
Configure the Ubuntu appearance!
With the previous procedure, you will have completed the installation of the theme. What remains is to configure your computer to enjoy the installed elements. One recommendation is to have Gnome Look for i
However, it is not entirely necessary, since you can enter the “Appearance Settings” option. You will also find the “Appearance and Themes” section, which will allow you to select the added theme.
Now it’s your turn!
Do you see how easy it is to customize Ubuntu? What will take more time is to select the perfect theme for your computer. This is because there is a wide variety of themes, icons, and fonts within the Linux community.
However, once you find the ideal, the rest is extremely simple. Do not wait any longer and enjoy extraordinary customizations thanks to Gnome!
The new version of Linux 5.13 comes with enhanced security, support for Apple M1 and more
Linus Torvalds released version 5.13 of the Linux kernel where it provided early support for the new Apple M1 chip with basic support, new security features for Linux 5.13 such as Landlock LSM, Clang CFI support, and the ability to randomize the kernel stack offset on every system call, as well as s Support for HDMI FreeSync and early implementations of Aldebaran, among others.
About 47% of all changes introduced in 5.13 are related to device drivers, about 14% of changes are related to updating code specific to the hardware architecture, 13% are related to the network stack, 5% are related to the file system, and 4% are related to the kernel subsystem internals.
Torvalds called the new version “pretty big”.
“We’ve had a pretty quiet week since rc7, and I see no reason to delay 5.13. The roundup for this week is small, with just 88 uncombined commits (and some of them just rollbacks). Of course, while last week was small and quiet, the 5.13, on the whole, was pretty big. In fact, it is one of the most important versions of 5.x, with over 16,000 commits (more than 17,000 if you count mergers), from over 2,000 developers. But this is a general phenomenon, not a specific phenomenon distinguished by its unusual character,” wrote Torvalds.
Major new features of Linux 5.13
One of the most important new features of the Linux 5.13 kernel is early support for Apple’s M1 chip, where at the moment you only have hardware support and code execution, but a lot of optimization is expected. Graphics acceleration is not yet available, but it is hoped that in the next version initial support will also be available.
Another news presented in Linux 5.13 in relation to security is Landlock, which is a new security module that can run alongside SELinux to better manage processes. It allows to limit interaction with external environment group processes and was developed with a view to isolation mechanisms such as Sandbox, XNU, FreeBSD Capsicum, and OpenBSD Pledge/Unveil.
With the help of Landlock, any processes, including those that are not rooted, can be isolated reliably and avoid going through isolation in case of vulnerabilities or malicious app changes. Landlocks allow processes to create secure sandboxes that are implemented as an additional layer on top of existing system access control mechanisms. For example, a program may deny access to files outside the working directory.
also, improvements to the RISC-V architecture are highlighted, because in this new version support for kexec, crash dumps, kprobe, and kernel launch are implemented in place (execution in place, execution from native media, without copying to RAM).
Also for modern Intel processors, a new cooling controller has been won, Initial support is also provided for this manufacturer’s new system, branded Alder Lake-S (12th generation).
Meanwhile, AMD highlights FreeSync support via HDMI, support for ASSR (Alternative Encoder Seed Reset), ioctl to request video encoding and decoding capabilities, and CONFIG_DRM_AMD_SECURE_DISPLAY mode to detect changes to the screen displaying important information. Support for the ASPM power-saving mechanism has been added.
From other notable changes of this new version of Kernel:
- Support for the Simultaneous Translation Search Buffer Buffer (TLB) feature for some minor performance benefits In fact, Linux 5.13 x86 memory management work provides a small performance optimization which is especially useful given the CPU security mitigations of recent years affecting TLB.
- Support for AMD Zen for Turbostat.
- Loongson 2K1000 bracket.
- KVM provides AMD SEV and Intel SGX upgrades for guest virtual machines.
- Support for Intel bus key detection has been added in addition to existing support for separate key detection.
- KCPUID is a new utility in the tree to help configure new x86 processors.
- A generic USB display driver has been added for settings such as using the Raspberry Pi Zero as a display adapter.
- Support for “Intel DG1 Platform Monitoring Technology” / telemetry platform.
- The POWER9 NVLink 2.0 driver has been removed due to lack of open source user support.
- Direct Rendering Manager driver update.
How to Install and Configure Java on Ubuntu 20.04
Java is one of the most popular programming languages used to build various types of applications and systems. Java runs on all operating systems and devices. We can find applications developed in Java on your laptop, mobile phone, and game console.
In this guide, we will learn how to install Java on Ubuntu 20.04.
There are several different Java implementations. OpenJDK and Oracle Java are the two main implementations of Java, with almost no difference between them except that Oracle Java has some additional commercial features. The Oracle Java license only permits non-commercial use of the software, such as personal use and development use.
The default Ubuntu 20.04 repository includes two OpenJDK packages, the Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and the Java Development Kit (JDK). The JRE consists of the Java virtual machine (JVM), classes, and binaries that make it possible to run Java programs. The JDK includes the JRE and the development/debugging tools and libraries needed to build Java applications.
If you are not sure which Java package to install, the general recommendation is to install the default version of Java, which is the OpenJDK version (JDK 11). Some Java-based applications may require a specific Java version, so as a user, it is mandatory to read the application documentation.
Install Java OpenJDK 11 on Ubuntu 20.04
At the time of writing, Java 11 is a long-term supported (LTS) version of Java. It is also the default Java development and runtime in Ubuntu 20.04.
Run the following command as a user with Sudo or root privileges to update the packages index and install the OpenJDK 11 packages:
sudo apt update sudo apt install openjdk-11-jdk
The JRE is included in the JDK package. If you only need the JRE, install the OpenJDK-11-JRE. For minimal Java runtime, install the OpenJDK-11-JDK-headless.
Once the installation is complete, verify by checking the Java version:
The output will look like this:
openjdk version "11.0.7" 2020-04-14 OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 11.0.7+10-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 11.0.7+10-post-Ubuntu-3ubuntu1, mixed mode, sharing)
At this point, the Java installation on the Ubuntu system has been successful.
Install Java OpenJDK 8 on Ubuntu 20.04
Java 8, the earlier LTS version of Java, is still widely used. If your application is running on Java 8, you can install it by typing the following command:
sudo apt update sudo apt install openjdk-8-jdk
Verify the installation by checking the Java version:
The output will look like this:
openjdk version "1.8.0_252" OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_252-8u252-b09-1ubuntu1-b09) OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.252-b09, mixed mode)
Set Default Java Version on Ubuntu 20.04
If you have multiple versions of Java installed on the system, To check the default Java version, you can use the following command:
To be able to change the standard version, use the tools update-alternatives as shown below:
sudo update-alternatives --config java
The output will look like the following
There are 2 choices for the alternative java (providing /usr/bin/java). Selection Path Priority Status -------------------------------------------------- ---------- * 0 /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java 1111 auto mode 1 /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java 1111 manual mode 2 /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64/jre/bin/java 1081 manual mode Press <enter> to keep the current choice[*], or type selection number:
You will be presented with a list of all installed Java versions. Enter the version number you want to use as the default and press Enter.
Set JAVA_HOME Environment Variable
Some applications written in Java use environment variables JAVA_HOMEto specifies the Java installation location.
To set the JAVA_HOME environment variable, use the command update-alternatives to find where Java is installed:
sudo update-alternatives --config java
In our case, the installation path is as follows:
- OpenJDK 11 is located at /usr/lib/jvm/java-11-openjdk-amd64/bin/java
- OpenJDK 8 is located at /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64/jre/bin/java
Copy the installation path of the installation of your choice. Next, open the file /etc/environment :
sudo nano /etc/environment
Add the following line, at the end of the file:
Make sure to replace the path with the path to your Java version of choice.
You can log out and then log back in, or run the following source command to apply the changes to the current session:
To verify that the environment variables are JAVA_HOMEset correctly, run the following echo command:
/etc/environment is the system configuration file, which is used by all users. If you want to set variables JAVA_HOMEon on a per user basis, add a line to .bashrcor other configuration file that is loaded when the user logs in.
How to Uninstall Java on Ubuntu 20.04
If for some reason you want to uninstall a Java package, you can uninstall it like any other package installed with apt.
For example, if you want to remove a package default-JDK just run the command:
sudo apt remove openjdk-11-jdk
OpenJDK 11 and OpenJDK 8 are available in the default Ubuntu 20.04 repositories and can be installed using the apt package manager.
How to repair a corrupted or unreadable USB stick using Ubuntu and Gparted?
A free software system like Ubuntu has many advantages over its closed source competitors because it allows all kinds of actions to be carried out with commands. One of them even allows you to fix faulty devices, so with that in mind today you will learn how to repair a damaged or unreadable USB memory using Ubuntu and Gparted.
If you have seen the title and thought that it is crazy to repair a USB directly from an operating system, then you have probably never used Linux because it is open-source, it gives certain facilities to its users so that they can edit things that allow them to create new tools from scratch.
Repair a corrupted or unreadable USB stick using Ubuntu and Gparted
To get straight to the point and start the process that will help you repair a damaged or unreadable USB memory using Ubuntu and Gparted, you obviously have to install Gparted on your PC if you haven’t downloaded it yet.
You will achieve this by opening your command window in the menu and entering the following: Sudo apt-get install GParted, this action will immediately install the program, once the process finishes you will be able to use it without any limitation.
Now to begin the USB repair process, you must put this USB into one of the ports that you have available (make sure it is working perfectly since you cannot disconnect the memory until the process is finished).
Once it is connected, the Gparted will recognize it immediately, so the next step will be to open the program, then you will have to stand over the button that has the same name as the application (it is in the menu above), and click on ” Refresh devices ”, so that the USB appears that way.
Format or resize
When your memory has been loaded into the program, you will notice that the amount of GB it has appeared, and also a small section where there are a few MB (that is the firmware information), in case that information does not come out. , then you will not be able to repair the USB (usually happens with 8 or 128 GB memory).
If you get it, then proceed to click on the option with more memory, which will show several elements in a list, select “Delete” to format it, and if it doesn’t let you do that, then click on “Resize/Move”.
That will let you partition the device so that you can shrink the USB to the space that is considered real. If your memory is 64 then create a partition of 8, if it is 32 make it 4 (if it is some other then you can search the web for what the value would be).
In order to create this partition, you only have to lower the amount of memory in the “New size” field with the bar that appears in the “Resize” section. When finished, just press “Resize/Move” to confirm and that’s it. If you want, you can try to repair the memory card without formatting, it may be a process, but maybe you will succeed.
Where to direct memory
With the above, you are just a few steps away from finishing the process that will help you answer the question How to repair a damaged or unreadable USB memory using Ubuntu and Gparted? , the next thing you should do is direct the memory where you want.
For that, click again on the section of your USB, but this time press the option “Format to”, there you will get a list of places that you can select, the recommended thing is to press “FAT32” if the destination of the USB is mobile and “NFTS” if you use it on a computer.
Having chosen one, the process will be complete and it is most likely that the USB can already be used, so the question How to repair a damaged or unreadable USB memory using Ubuntu and Gparted? , has finally been answered.
But before finishing, I tell you that if you want to force format the USB, you could also try it. And, if you finally can’t fix it, you can try to recover RAW formatted USB files.
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