One of the best features that an operating system can have is customization. The ability for the user to adjust a computer or device to their liking is truly extraordinary.
Some operating systems, in this sense, are more complete than others … but none like Linux. That is why today you will discover how to install Gnome pointer and icon themes in Ubuntu manually.
In this way, you will have the possibility of giving a unique and original touch to your computer. Do you dare to try it? All the information you need is here!
A glimpse of the Linux planet
To speak of Linux is to refer to one of the most used operating systems in the world for computers. After Windows and macOS, Linux has shown itself as an interesting option for computers due to its characteristics.
The main quality or attraction of this operating system is open source. This means that collaborators who use this system all over the world can make important and interesting contributions.
In this way, each and every one of the Linux distributions (such as Ubuntu, for example), experience constant improvements. This ensures optimum performance in terms of functions and tools.
What is Gnome?
It was 1999 when Mexican programmers Federico Mena and Miguel de Icaza launched Gnome. The project was started in 1997 and today it is positioned as the best customization tool. No matter how many versions of Ubuntu there are, Gnome is the best option to customize your computer.
You don’t need to be an expert who knows how to install programs in Ubuntu. The reality is that installing Gnome pointer and icon themes is pretty straightforward. Of course, you must take into account some things before starting.
The first thing is to know the version of the operating system you have. If you want to update Ubuntu to the latest version, you can. If not, calm down, there are fonts and icons compatible with previous versions.
The next thing will be to locate the topic of your preference. The Ubuntu user community is huge, so there are many blogs sharing this kind of thing.
When you find the one you consider ideal, download the packages or file to unzip. So everything is ready to start the installation.
If you’ve downloaded a complete package that allows you to install Gnome pointer and icon themes, great! So you have, precisely, the possibility of performing a single procedure.
It is important to note that you can install a complete theme. But you can also install fonts, backgrounds, icons, and pointers individually.
Once you have downloaded the theme, you must unzip the file. Be aware of the elements resulting from decompression. Now, you just have to:
- Run the terminal.
- Enter the command sudo nautilus
- Then your file manager will run.
- Go to your personal folder and press the “Ctrl” and “H” keys. This will show hidden folders.
- In case it does not work, you will have to go to other options to show hidden files in the Linux terminal. It is possible to do it from your manager by means of the option “show hidden files”.
- Locate and select the “.themes” folder. Access and paste the elements that resulted from the archive you unzipped.
Configure the Ubuntu appearance!
With the previous procedure, you will have completed the installation of the theme. What remains is to configure your computer to enjoy the installed elements. One recommendation is to have Gnome Look for i
However, it is not entirely necessary, since you can enter the “Appearance Settings” option. You will also find the “Appearance and Themes” section, which will allow you to select the added theme.
Now it’s your turn!
Do you see how easy it is to customize Ubuntu? What will take more time is to select the perfect theme for your computer. This is because there is a wide variety of themes, icons, and fonts within the Linux community.
However, once you find the ideal, the rest is extremely simple. Do not wait any longer and enjoy extraordinary customizations thanks to Gnome!
How to install Ubuntu from USB
The world of operating systems is not just made up of Windows and macOS, on the contrary: there are many intriguing and free possibilities out there. In case you have not grasped the reference, we are talking about the family of open-source Linux OS, and in particular the popular Ubuntu distro, able to offer solutions potentially suitable for a large number of users. I know: there is often a bit of fear in approaching this type of operating system, but in reality, it must be said that the passing of the years has made everything much easier.
In fact, understanding how to install Ubuntu from USB has become easier than ever nowadays. The classic myth that is regularly narrated about the Linux world is that relating to the terminal and the dreaded commands related to the latter: in reality, a Linux distribution like Ubuntu has shown that it is possible to do essentially everything without too many problems even through a Free OS of this type. Yes, even for those who are not exactly PC experts.
On the other hand, Canonical’s OS integrates the Ubuntu Software Center digital store for downloading apps and already includes by default tools useful for browsing the Web and writing documents, just to mention some particularly common needs. Plus, it costs nothing to try (if not a little time): it’s all free and you may already have all the tools available to proceed. For the rest there are the quick indications below: I just have to wish you good reading!
Preliminary operations and minimum requirements
Before explaining in detail the procedure on how to install Ubuntu from USB, I would like to make some clarifications that may be useful to you.
First of all, if you are a novice user, you must know that nowadays there are tons of possibilities to try and install Ubuntu. In this guide, I will deepen the more classic method, the one that even those who have a little more than years on their shoulders know, that is the installation via USB (CD / DVDs are now outdated, so much so that even many recent PCs do not even have more than that type of reader, you have to take note).
However, I want to tell you that going through this method is not always the most comfortable option, especially for a person who has no experience in installing operating systems. Therefore, if you feel you are not quite ready, the invitation is to deepen my generic guide on how to install Ubuntu, in which I have analyzed all the options at your disposal, from virtualization to the Windows subsystem for Linux (I have also deepened the Mac question, which I will not deal with here).
In that case, it generally comes down to compromises in terms of performance, but it must be said that usually, a good number of users are satisfied with that type of experience, which is also useful if you want to continue using Windows at the same time. In short, if you have a decent PC and you don’t have too many needs, surely the aforementioned methods are much more comfortable than installing via USB (they really require a few clicks).
However, if you try to talk about it with a Linux enthusiast, the latter will most likely tell you that the real installation of Ubuntu is the one via USB, that it is not really anything complex and that there is even the possibility of testing the OS in live mode before installing it.
This is true: if you have a minimum of familiarity with the PC world, installing Ubuntu from USB will be anything but a titanic undertaking. However, I wanted to review even the simplest possibilities, certainly more suitable for those who do not feel completely safe or who need to do everything quickly and do not want to risk.
In fact, although everything has now been simplified to the maximum, during the installation procedure of Ubuntu from USB you still go to touch the disk partitions. You understand well therefore that there is always some risk in that type of operation. The advice is therefore to proceed in this way only if you really need it and if you understand what you are doing. In this context, I clearly do not take any responsibility in case of problems with the PC due to the irresponsible use of the information contained in this guide.
In any case, you will immediately understand if this procedure is right for you or not: I will immediately explain the preliminary operations that generally need to be implemented to complete the installation correctly.
Well, there are basically four issues: the first is the one related to the backup, which you may want to do if you care about the data contained in your PC. The second is related to setting the USB key as the primary drive for booting (generally you have to go through the BIOS or in any case for a boot-related menu available at boot time). The third question is related to the Secure Boot option, which you may want to set to Disabled from the BIOS. Finally, the fourth issue is that of Windows fast startup, which you may want to disable.
These are just some of the possible issues that you may want to investigate, as depending on the computer at your disposal, other aspects may emerge that need to be fixed. In short, if at this point you have not understood anything, it is probably good to follow the options I indicated above and see if you can use Ubuntu even without going through the installation from USB.
If, on the other hand, you have fully understood what is stated and are interested in proceeding via USB, I will immediately give you some more information regarding the preliminary operations. For example, in addition to consulting the official Ubuntu guidelines and possibly referring to the always-on forum for specific questions related to your PC, I give you a little more information on a quick start.
In fact, deactivating the latter on Windows may not be exactly immediate. Well, to carry out this operation from an all in all recent version of Windows, for example, Windows 10 or Windows 11, you just need to search for power management using the Start button, click on the Choose power scheme box and select the option Specify button behaviour power supply. After that, you may be prompted to press the Change settings currently unavailable item and move the Enable quick start option to OFF, then save the changes by pressing the Save changes button.
In short, now you know a little bit of everything there is to know about the preliminary operations and the general context. Clearly, there are a ton of variables at play, but at least you now have an overview of what generally needs to be done to prepare for this type of installation.
For the rest, you obviously need a USB stick to proceed. In this context, things have changed over the years: the classic 2GB pen is now no longer enough: it is good to use a USB stick of at least 4GB, otherwise, you may encounter some problems during the procedure. In this context, you may want to check out my tutorial on the best USB sticks (which can lead you to make a more informed purchase).
Net of this, clearly your PC must meet Ubuntu’s minimum requirements, which you can find below.
- Processor: dual-core x86 at 2GHz or higher;
- RAM: at least 2GB (4GB is recommended);
- Disk space: 25 GiB;
- Video card: the resolution of at least 1024 x 768 pixels, as well as 3D acceleration. At least 128 MiB of memory (256 MiB and 1280 x 1024 pixels are recommended);
- Other: Internet connection to download installation and BIOS files capable of booting from USB.
In any case, Ubuntu is now able to support a little bit of all available hardware configurations, so you shouldn’t run into any particular problems. However, clearly before proceeding you may want to take a look at the components mounted by your PC, in order to verify that the above requirements are met. In any case, I may have already given you indications on where to ask your specific questions (see the forum mentioned above).
For the rest, it must be said that by performing a dual boot, or by placing Ubuntu alongside Windows (and obviously reserving the right space for the operating system linked to the Linux world), Microsoft’s OS data will not be deleted (at least if you follow all the instructions correctly), so from that point of view you can rest assured (although it’s always good to make a backup, as I said earlier).
How to install Ubuntu on USB from Windows
Now that you are well informed about the preliminary operations and minimum requirements, we can move on to the actual procedure for installing Ubuntu from USB. In this case, I will give a practical example relating to a PC that already has Windows installed, but in reality, the steps to be taken are essentially those even if you have a computer without an OS, as I will explore in more detail in the tutorial. Below you can learn more.
The first topic to be addressed is clearly that of the Ubuntu download. In fact, to proceed with the installation you need to have an ISO image file linked to the operating system.
Finding it is very simple: once you reach the appropriate page of the Ubuntu official, all you have to do is select the Ubuntu edition and choose between the Desktop and Server options for what concerns the second drop-down menu, then pressing on the Start Download button to start the download. Let me give you some simple advice regarding this selection: if you are a simple user, you can safely leave everything as it is and proceed with the download.
However, if you have specific needs you can clearly make the choice according to your needs, for example by pointing to the LTS version of Ubuntu ( Long Term Support ), supported for 5 years instead of 9 months, if you are a user who wants to focus more on stability than about the latest features available. In any case, once the download is complete via your browser, you will have an ISO image file available.
Creating the Ubuntu USB stick
After finding the Ubuntu installation file, it is time to proceed with the creation of the USB key, the tool you will need to then have the OS available.
I would say that the time has come to take your trusty USB stick of at least 4GB and insert it into the USB port of your computer (preferably already formatted in FAT32 ). Obviously, the latter must not contain important files, as the procedure you are about to carry out will delete everything inside the key.
In any case, I try to make the installation procedure as simple as possible for you, by going through a free program called Rufus, which can be booted on Windows without even installing it. To proceed, go to the official website of Rufus and press on the item Rufus 3. xx Portable. Subsequently, open the file obtained, first pressing the Yes button and then choosing whether or not to check for updates .rufus-xx.exe
Once you are in front of the main Rufus screen, it’s all a breeze: just check that the right USB key is selected, press the SELECT button and choose the ISO image file you downloaded previously. Then, if you have no particular needs, you can safely avoid changing the other options and click on the START button, possibly changing only the volume label (the name given to the USB key) and pressing in succession on the OK, Yes and OK keys to confirm your will, finally waiting for the end of the operation.
Note: if you are wondering, for example, how to install Ubuntu from USB UEFI, the important thing is to select the BIOS or UEFI option in the Target System menu. Also, in case of any problems, I recommend that you take a look at the Ubuntu guidelines related to UEFI technology.
Now that you have a USB stick with Ubuntu, it’s time for the final phase, that is, the actual installation of the OS on your computer.
Generally, the thorniest issue for a novice user is that of booting from USB. Put simply, you have to tell the computer to give priority to the key over, for example, the hard drive. Unfortunately, I cannot go into more detail about the procedure, as each computer model is a story in itself.
However, generally, this is nothing more than restarting the computer, pressing the right key at boot time and selecting the appropriate option from the boot menu or possibly setting priorities from the BIOS, then applying the changes. In short, you may want to consult my tutorial on how to enter the BIOS, but if you have a minimum of familiarity with the PC world you should not have too many problems in proceeding (also because I had already warned you in the preliminary chapter.
For the rest, once you have successfully booted from USB and selected the Ubuntu option, as well as after waiting for the system to carry out all the necessary checks (for example, those relating to the file system), you will access the main screen relating to the installation of the OS.
I advise you to select the English option on the left, in order to proceed in this language. Otherwise, you will notice that there are two possibilities: Try Ubuntu and Install Ubuntu. In the first case, you can test the operating system before even installing it on the SSD / hard drive, in order to carry out various tests and also try to understand if the operating system is actually for you.
In any case, returning to your goal, that is to install Ubuntu on the PC, once you press the Install Ubuntu button, the procedure becomes a breeze, as it is guided and in English. In short, from here on you could also easily proceed by yourself following the instructions that appear on the screen, but don’t worry: I will give you a hand until the end.
Well, now you will be asked to set the keyboard layout (you can always select English) and click on the Next button. At this point, you will have to make a choice: if you usually use, for example, office programs and multimedia players, you can focus on the Normal installation option, while if you simply need a browser for Web browsing and little else you can safely proceed by selecting a Minimal Installation.
At this stage, among other things, you can also choose whether to install additional third-party software (concerning, for example, the graphics area) and whether to download updates relating to the OS during installation (obviously you must have an Internet connection in this case) Once you have made all the appropriate choices, you can press the Next button to continue.
At this point, there are crossroads related to dual booting. Choose, therefore, whether to possibly install Ubuntu alongside Windows or whether to proceed individually with the OS linked to the Linux world (thus deleting the disk). In case you were wondering, yes: the Other option can come in handy if you need to manually set the partitions (I recommend that you only consider this possibility if you are an expert user after all).
In any case, once you click on the Install button, present at the bottom right, as well as select the location where you are (for example, Rome) and click on the Next button to confirm, you will be prompted to quickly set other options such as name, username, computer name, password and password confirmation. There is also the possibility to choose whether to always ask for authentication: then press the Next button to continue.
At this point, it’s done: you just have to leave the computer to carry out all the necessary operations relating to the installation. You will understand when everything is finished thanks to the appearance of a specific message on the screen. To conclude everything, you just have to click on the Restart now button, remove the USB key from the appropriate port and select the Ubuntu option from the appropriate selection menu (in case of problems with the latter, you may want to consult my guide on how to reset GRUB ).
Perfect, after the first start of the operating system, you will access the Ubuntu desktop (the equivalent of the Windows desktop, so to speak) and you can safely start using the Canonical operating system. Sure, you may be asked to do some other quick final configuration (for example, relating to Livepatch, which allows you to update your PC without rebooting it), but then you are free to delve into the Linux world.
Great: You now have Ubuntu at your disposal. You can therefore start to get familiar with the simple interface but to really start using the operating system properly, I suggest you consult my guide on the best programs for Ubuntu, in order to understand where to look also from that point of view. view.
How to install Ubuntu from USB on PC without an operating system
How do you say? To save a bit, did you buy one of the so-called No-OS PCs that are now also found on online stores such as Amazon and were you thinking of installing Ubuntu as an operating system? No problem, I immediately analyze the matter.
In this case, simply follow the directions I indicated in the previous chapters since everything is essentially the same. Simply, once you have created the USB stick with Ubuntu, just insert it into the appropriate port on your PC, press the button to boot from the stick (or enter the BIOS and change the priorities, if necessary).
After that, the installation procedure is exactly the same as the one I described in the dedicated chapter. In short, very few changes if the part base is a Windows computer or a No-OS (except of course that in the latter case there will be no option for dual boot).
In any case, obviously, the procedure varies according to your needs of the computer at your disposal, but now you know a little bit of everything there is to know on the matter. Among other things, if you want to deepen the subject at a general level, you can refer to my tutorial on how to install an operating system. You may also be interested in taking a look at my guide related to the best Linux distros, in order to have a broader awareness of what the open-source world offers (and therefore go beyond Ubuntu).
How to install XAMPP on Linux without complications
Having a full web server locally can be tricky, but there is a package that makes this process easy: XAMPP. To get this feature on your system, see how to install XAMPP on Linux below.
XAMPP is a platform-independent server, which mainly consists of MySQL database, Apache web server, and interpreters for scripting languages: PHP and Perl.
The name XAMPP comes from the abbreviation of X (for any of the different operating systems), Apache, MySQL, PHP, Perl.
It acts as a free web server, is easy to use, and is capable of interpreting dynamic pages. Currently, XAMPP is available for Microsoft Windows, GNU/Linux, Solaris, and macOS X.
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For more details on how to configure and secure XAMPP, please visit this page.
Installing XAMPP on Linux
To install XAMPP on Linux, do the following:
Step 1. Open a terminal;
Step 2. Check if your system is 32-bit or 64-bit, for that, use the following command in the terminal:
Step 3. If you are using a 32-bit system, use the command below to download the program. If the link is out of date, go to this page and download the latest version and save it as xampp-installer.run:
wget https://ufpr.dl.sourceforge.net/project/xampp/XAMPP%20Linux/7.4.11/xampp-linux-7.4.11-0-installer.run -O xampp-installer.run
Step 4. If you are using a 64-bit system, use the command below to download the program. If the link is out of date, go to this page and download the latest version and save it as xampp-installer.run:
wget "https://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Linux/7.4.22/xampp-linux-x64-7.4.22-0-installer.run/download" -O xampp-installer.run
wget "https://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Linux/8.0.9/xampp-linux-x64-8.0.9-0-installer.run/download" -O xampp-installer.run
Step 5. Make the file executable with the command below;
chmod +x xampp-installer.run
Step 6. Start XAMPP installation, with the following command;
Step 7. When it appears, follow the steps of the installation and configuration wizard:
Step 8. If your current graphical environment supports and is 32 bits, create a launcher for the program, executing the command below;
echo -e '[Desktop Entry]\n Version=1.0\n Name=xampp\n Exec=gksudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux.run\n Icon=/opt/lampp/icons/world1.png\n Type=Application\n Categories=Application' | sudo tee /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop
Step 9. If your current graphical environment supports and is 64 bits, create a launcher for the program, executing the command below;
echo -e '[Desktop Entry]\n Version=1.0\n Name=xampp\n Exec=gksudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux-x64.run\n Icon=/opt/lampp/icons/world1.png\n Type=Application\n Categories=Application' | sudo tee /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop
Step 10. For the shortcut to work correctly, install GKSU with the command below. If your distribution is not Debian-derived, look for the program in their package manager and install it;
sudo apt-get install gksu
Ready! Now, when you want to start the program, type sudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux.run(32-bit) or sudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux-x64.run(64-bit) or into a terminal, followed by the TAB key.
If your distribution supports it, put the shortcut on your desktop using the system file manager or the command below, and use it to start the program.
sudo chmod +x /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop
cp /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop ~/Área\ de\ Trabalho/
If your system is in English, use this command to copy the shortcut to your desktop:
cp /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop ~/Desktop
For more details on this task, see this tutorial:
How to add application shortcuts to the Unity desktop
If you like, you can also use the system file manager to run the program, just by opening its folder and clicking on its executable.
Administering, verifying, and uninstalling XAMPP
To Administer, verify, and uninstall XAMPP on Linux, do the following:
Step 1. Open a terminal;
Step 2. If you want to start XAMPP through the terminal, use this command:
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp start
Step 3. Or simply use the program’s graphical interface to start or stop the web server. To run it, use the shortcuts created, or simply type the command sudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux.runon 32-bit sudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux-x64.runsystems or , on 64-bit systems;
Step 4. To verify that the webserver is running, enter the following address into a browser:
Step 5. If the installation worked, this page will appear:
Ready! You now have a web server on your system. But if you prefer LAMP, take a look at this tutorial:
Install LAMP on Linux and have a web server on your PC
Managing XAMPP via Terminal on Linux
To manage all XAMPP services via the terminal, do the following:
To start all xampp services, use the following command in the terminal.
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp start
To start Apache only, use:
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp startapache
To start just the Proftpd FTP server, use:
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp startftp
To start the MySQL database server only:
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp startmysql
To stop all xampp services, use the following command in the terminal.
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp stop
To stop Apache only, use:
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp stopapache
To stop only the Proftpd FTP server, use:
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp stopftp
To stop just the MySQL database server:
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp stopmysql
To restart all xampp services, use the following command in the terminal.
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp restart
And for other commands, you can check the xampp help section by running the following.
sudo /opt/lampp/xampp --help
How to remove XAMPP on Linux
If you need to uninstall XAMPP from your system, do the following:
Step 1. Open a terminal;
Step 2. Uninstall the program by executing the following commands;
sudo /opt/lampp/lampp stop
sudo rm -rf /opt/lampp
Things To Do After Installing Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus
Perform System Updates & Upgrades
$ sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y
Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras For Media Codec
$ sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras
Add Canonical Partners in Software Repository
go to Software & Updates -> move to the Other Software tab -> check the Canonical Partners option, then enter the password -> Close -> Reload
Install GIMP (for image editing needs)
$ sudo apt install gimp -y
Install Uget (download manager)
$ sudo apt install uget -y
Install BleachBit (application to clean cache, cookies, temporary files, logs, junk, etc.)
$ sudo apt install bleachbit -y
Install Video Player Application (choose one)
$ sudo apt install vlc
$ sudo apt install smplayer
Install GDebi Package Manager
$ sudo apt install gdebi
Fix (afraid there will be a problem when updating and installing the above application)
$ sudo apt-get install -f
Automatically clean junk that your Linux doesn’t need
$ sudo apt clean
$ sudo apt autoremove
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