The set of programs that Microsoft Office has offered thanks to the Windows operating system has evolved considerably since its first versions. However, one of the programs that stands out the most thanks to its versatility and usefulness in different fields of work, is undoubtedly Excel.
Excel is one of those programs that at first glance may seem complex, but as you learn from it, you can discover all its cutting-edge functions. All starting from the creation of a simple and simple spreadsheet where a number of mathematical or financial operations can be broken down.
And this is where the COUPON.NUM function comes in to calculate coupons in Excel, one of the relevant financial functions of this program. There will be no better support guide for Excel users than some intuition and the following instructions to master this feature.
COUPON.NUM function to calculate coupons in Excel
The financial functions are essential tools in the execution of financial calculations of some companies, both small and large. These functions include yield calculations, interest rates, rates of return, asset depreciation, investment evaluation, and payments.
And although the main financial functions being widely used are VF, VA, PAYMENT, RATE, and NPER. Today the usefulness of the CUPON.NUM function will be known a little more thoroughly.
The COUPON.NUM function as a financial function is used to calculate the number of coupons between the purchase date of the security and its expiration date. That is, it returns the number of coupon payments between the settlement date and their respective expiration date, thus rounding up to the next whole coupon.
It is important to take into account that the dates entered within this function must be specified through the DATE function or as a result of other formulas in the spreadsheet. A more understandable example for this point would be to enter DATE (2019; 1; 30) to indicate January 30, 2019.
It should be remembered that an error in functions such as CUPOM.NUM can be generated by problems that arise from having entered text in the dates.
Relationships of the COUPON.NUM function
The CUPON.NUM function has a series of relationships with certain terms that make up its syntax and allows us to understand it much better according to its arguments:
- The settlement is a mandatory argument and can be understood as the purchase date of the security. Since this is the date after the issuance date in which a buyer has just acquired the market value.
- Expiration is a required argument and can be understood as the expiration date of the security. That is, it is the date on which the stock market value has expired.
- Frequency is a required argument and is understood as the number of coupon payments per year. Since the possible values are: annual payments 1, semi-annual payments 2, quarterly payments 4.
- The base is an optional argument that determines on what kind of base the days should be counted. In other words, it is a calculation method, being a numerical value greater than or equal to 0 but less than 4.
Application of the CUPON.NUM function
You do not have to follow a series of particular steps to be able to apply the COUPON.NUM function, simply once it has been practiced.
To start, just select the cell where you want to see the result. Click on the insert function fx icon that will be located in the upper toolbar, or you can right-click on the selected cell to choose the option to insert function in the menu.
The next thing is to select the Financial function group in the displayed list that will allow you to click on the COUPON.NUM function . This is how you proceed to enter the corresponding arguments separated by their respective commas, to finish by pressing Enter.
The result should be displayed successfully in the cell that has been selected to see the result from the initial step.
How to Create a Table in Microsoft Excel
How to create a table in Microsoft Excel is very easy, you know, because basically, Excel consists of tables and a number processor.
The use of internal tables in this number processing software has become one of the things that are definitely needed, guys. Especially if you play with a lot of data in it.
However, until now there may still be many who do not know how to make it. Therefore, we will provide a complete tutorial for you.
But before going into the steps, you need to know a few things about the following table.
Table of Contents :
HOW TO CREATE A TABLE IN MICROSOFT EXCEL
Before creating a table, make sure you already have the data and already know what kind of table you want to create.
Btw, do you know what a table is? And how is it different from tables in other software?
What is a Table in Excel?
Tables are a feature that can help you group data together, so the data you have is easier to read.
Like tables in general, this number processing software also consists of columns and rows that you can adjust the amount according to your needs.
Table Functions in Microsoft Excel
The main function of a table in Excel is to add rows of data without changing the writing structure that has been created.
No less important, the tables in this number processing software can serve to make your data look more attractive and easy to understand.
You can edit the table as needed, so the existence of the table feature is very important for making a data report.
How to Create a Table in Microsoft Excel
To make it is quite easy, you know. Do not believe? Take a look at the tutorial below.
If you think how to create a table in Microsoft Excel requires additional applications, then you are wrong guys. Because you can create tables directly, without third-party applications. So, this is the way.
- The first step, open Microsoft Excel on your PC.
- The block of data that you want to insert into the table.
- Then, click Insert – Table.
- Then, make sure the data you want to enter into the table is correct.
- Finally, click OK.
Finished! If you think the table made is less attractive, you can edit it on the Table Style menu. In addition, you can also change the color of the column to make it easier for others to read.
How? How to make a table in Microsoft Excel is really easy, right?
So, good luck with that!
How to calculate weighted average or weighted average in Excel
Simply having an Excel spreadsheet program installed on any of our devices, be it a desktop or a laptop, is an advantage for us, as long as we know how best to use it. Because in it we can perform an infinite number of operations, among which we can mention the calculation of the weighted average.
Excel is a very versatile tool that helps us perform many tasks and has an infinite number of functions to offer. Among them are: creating many types of charts, issuing invoices, keeping records and organizing various data, easy mathematical operations on the entered data, among we can mention data summation, among many applications for which we can assign it.
It should also be mentioned that this program allows us to work or share files with several people online and the fact is that sometimes teamwork is better than individual work, therefore it is the convenience that the program gives us, It’s very important.
Now, in this article, we will show you how to use Excel’s SUMPRODUCT and SUM functions individually, and how to combine both to calculate some problems.
The weighted average is an average that takes into account the importance or weight of each value. A good example would be the calculation of a student’s final grade based on his or her performance on various tasks and tests.
this is usually an individual assignment. They do not count as much for the final grade as for the final exam, as quizzes, tests and final exams will have different weights.
this weighted average is computed as the sum of all values multiplied by their weights divided by the sum of all weights.
For its part, a weighted average can be associated with a measure type that is able to calculate a weight with different values that can be calculated.
Example SUMPRODUCT and SUM
For our example, let’s take a look at the test results and student tests. There are six quizzes with 5% of the total mark each, two exams of 20% of the total mark and the final exam with 30% of the total mark.
The student’s final grade will be a weighted average and we will use the SUMPRODUCT and SUM functions to calculate this. As you can see in the table below, we have already assigned relative weights to each test and exam in column D.
Step one: calculate the SUMPRODUCT
First, let’s see how the SUM PRODUCT function works. Start by selecting the cell where you want the result to appear (in our example, this is cell D13).
Next, go to the “Formulas” menu, select the “Math and Trig” drop-down menu, scroll down and click on the “SUMPRODUCT” function.
- The “Function Arguments” window appears.
- In the “Array1” field, select the student results.
- Here we select all cells with actual results in column C.
- Then use the “Array2” field to select the weight of the tests and exams.
- For us, they are in column D.
- Click “OK” when finished.
- The SUMPRODUCT function will multiply each result by the corresponding weight.
- Then it will return the sum of all these products.
Step two: calculate the SUM
- Now let’s see how the SUM function works.
- Select the cell where you want the results to appear (in our example, this is cell D14).
- Then go to the “formulas” menu.
- Select the “Math and Trigonometry” drop-down menu.
- Scroll down and click on the “SUM” function.
- This “ function arguments “.
- Select all scales in the “number 1” field.
- Click “accept”.
- The SUM function will add all the values together
Step three: Combine SUMPRODUCT and SUM
But now we can combine both functions to determine the student’s final grade on the basis of his results and the weight of each result.
- Select the cell where the weighted average should go (for us, this is cell D15).
- Then type the following formula in the function bar.
= PRODUCT SUM (C3: C11, D3: D11) / SUM (D3: D11)
- After typing the formula, press “enter” to see the weighted average.
How to Sort Data in Excel (Numbers, Text, Date and Time)
How to sort data in Excel will be our material today. Watch this article until the end, because our team will provide a detailed tutorial for you.
If you often deal with data that contains a lot of content, of course, you need to sort the data so that it is organized and neat.
How to sort it also turns out to be easy, you know, because Microsoft Excel already provides this feature, to make the work of its users easier.
So, you no longer need to sort the data you are working on manually. This method is very old-fashioned and inefficient because there will be a lot of wasted time.
So, how do you use the feature? Curious? Immediately follow the steps below.
THE EASIEST WAY TO SORT DATA IN EXCEL
Before entering the tutorial, you need to know if the data you are sorting can be in the form of numbers (from large to small, or vice versa), text (from A to Z, or vice versa), date and time formats (latest to oldest, or vice versa).
Oh yes, you can choose one of the three types of sorting above according to your needs. So, here it is!
1. How to Sort Numbers in Excel
- The first step, open Microsoft Excel on your PC and select the data you want to sort.
- Any cell block you want to sort.
- Then, click the Data tab and select Sort Largest to Smallest to sort the numbers from largest to smallest. You can also choose Sort Smallest to Largest if you want to sort the numbers from smallest to largest.
2. How to Sort Text in Excel
- First, select the cells you want to sort. The cells you select must be text, guys.
- Click the Data tab and select Sort A to Z (For text order from A to Z) or Sort Z to A (For text order from Z to A)
3. How to Sort Date and Time in Excel
- Click the cell that contains the date and time.
- Next, select Sort Newest to Oldest (For the latest to oldest date and time order), or you can also select Oldest to Newest (For oldest to newest date and time order).
That’s it guys, 3 ways to sort data in Excel that are the easiest to practice yourself on your data.
Don’t forget to share this article with your friends, so that your friends’ skills in operating Microsoft Excel can also increase.
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