The hard drives have many years between us, and advances in technology are making the forecast is to follow many more, at the least until the SSD are able to match both their full potential as their relationship price per GB of capacity. In any case, as a hardware element and especially as one that has moving parts, hard drives are not without problems; In this article, we are going to discuss one of the most common: what can you do if your hard drive has bad sectors and starts to malfunction?
There are several symptoms that you can start to suffer on your PC when your hard drive has bad sectors: from extreme slowness when processing files stored on the hard drive to strange noises in the drive, through crashes and file corruption. If you start to notice any of these symptoms, it is possible that your hard drive is starting to die from too many bad sectors, but don’t worry because there is still a chance to repair them to bring the drive back to relative normality.
What are bad sectors and why do they occur?
Internally and in order to better manage information, mechanical hard drives group the information they hold in sectors made up of a certain number of bits. These sectors are created so that, we repeat that internally, a kind of map or index can be created so that the disk knows where each bit of information is housed and is able to send the moving head to the appropriate sector to be able to read or write the information.
When you try to read or write to a sector and, for whatever reason, the head is not capable of it, the drive reports it as faulty and discards it (this means that the next few times it will not even try to read or write to that sector ). There are two types of bad sectors and the causes that produce them are multiple, but we will try to explain it in the simplest way possible:
- Physical problems: generally caused by impacts (dropping the hard drive to the ground, for example) or serious errors with the head (known as a head crash) in which the platter has been physically damaged and, therefore, in certain sectors have been permanently inaccessible. This type of bad sector cannot be repaired, although we can mitigate the problem by having the hard disk permanently discard the affected sectors to avoid errors.
- Logic problems: they are caused by a failure in the reading or writing of the disk, which can be caused for example by a sudden power failure while the hard disk was writing data. In some cases, they can also be caused by errors or data corruption in which the sector has disappeared from the index that we talked about a moment ago. In these cases, the problems can be fully repaired.
How to tell if your hard drive has bad sectors
In the image that we have placed above these lines you can see the inside of a hard disk that has suffered a “head crash”, and in which it is clearly seen that the head has completely damaged the surface of the platter, rendering it practically unusable. If this is your case, you will notice that the hard disk makes a series of strange noises, such as scratching or scraping, and obviously, it is not working correctly.
To find out if your hard drive has bad sectors, the best thing you can do is use the tools that Windows contains for it, since they are simple to use and really very effective. We are talking about the CHKDSK utility that we have already talked about on previous occasions, a tool that is precisely designed to detect and repair almost any type of problem that you may have in your storage units (not only hard drives but also SSDs or even drives USB flash).
To do this, right-click on the Start button and select the “Command Prompt (administrator)” option. In the window that opens, you must execute (type and then press ENTER) the following command:
chkdsk x: / F ( where x is the drive letter assigned to the hard drive; you can check its letter by simply entering "This computer" in Windows).
If you are executing the command directly from Windows, you will see a screen similar to the one we have put above, in which the operating system tells us that the unit is in use and that it cannot be analyzed, urging us to unmount the volume (something that only It will appear in the event that the hard drive to be analyzed is not where you have the operating system installed) or if you restart the computer and that CHKDSK runs automatically on the next boot. Either way, hit the Y on your keyboard and then ENTER to accept.
The process consists of three phases, in which the system will first analyze the drive and then try to repair any errors it finds (the third phase is simply verification). The process can take a long time depending on the capacity of your hard drive and the number of errors it finds, but if the errors are fixable, this tool will take care of everything and you will not have to do anything.
Another way to check if your hard drive has bad sectors is also built into Windows. Go to “This computer”, right-click on the problem drive and click on “Properties”. There go to the Tools tab and you will see something like this:
Click on the Check button, and the system will analyze the hard drive for problems, errors, and bad sectors. In the event that it finds a problem, the software itself will suggest that you try to repair it automatically without you having to do anything else.
Can bad sectors on hard drive be repaired?
As we have mentioned, both with CHKDSK and the Windows Check tool you can detect and try to repair bad sectors on your hard drive, but none of these tools is completely infallible (and the problem may not be repaired if the damage is physical, as we told you at the beginning) so the hard drive may not be in good condition despite everything.
If the problems are not physical but logical and the previous tools have not been able to solve the problem, another more direct method is to perform a low-level format of the drive, a process that will remove all the information it contains (so make a copy of data safety first) because it literally resets all the bits on the hard drive one by one, including the sector assignment and index.
This is a pretty radical way to repair a hard drive with bad sectors, but if the bad sector problems are not repairable they will be skipped in the new sector assignment and therefore you can continue to use the hard drive after the process. Of course, if the amount of bad sectors on the disk is large enough, you will see that its maximum capacity will have been reduced since, literally, it will have fewer usable sectors.
Did You Know, You Can Upgrade Windows 7 To Windows 11 Via Inplace Upgrade
How To Upgrade Windows 7 To Windows 11
Upgrade Windows 7 To Windows 11 : As we know, Microsoft released Windows 11 with lots of requirements that we need to adjust, and of course, previously there was no way to upgrade from Windows 7 to Windows 11 except from Windows 10.
But recently there is an interesting trick that makes it no longer impossible, where it turns out that we can upgrade from Windows 7 to Windows 11 with a fairly simple trick.
You can see the tutorial itself in the video from NTDEV below.
Based on the video above, you only need Windows 11 ISO, Windows 10 ISO TH1 (1507) or TH2 (1511) and gimagex _x64. Then you can follow these short steps:
- Unzip Windows 10 TH1 or TH2 ISO on PC
- Copy UpgradeMatrix.xml from unzipped ISO to desktop
- Mount ISO Windows 11 dan copy install.wim kedalam ISO Windows 10
- Next, run the inplace upgrade as usual, and you can install Windows 11 as usual.
Looks easy doesn’t it?, please try it, maybe later I will also write a more complete article about this in the next tutorial.
What do you think? comment below guys.
How to install Windows 7 from USB – step by step
Many times, when it comes to repairing or formatting a computer, we come across an important problem: that it does not have a CD or DVD drive through which we can perform these actions. However, this problem has a much easier solution than you think, a method that only requires a bootable USB, compatible with the built-in USB inputs in all types of equipment.
Don’t you know what a bootable USB is? Do you know what it is but you don’t know how to make your USB drive bootable? Do you need to format a computer that doesn’t have a CD or DVD reader? Don’t worry, we answer all these questions and also show you how to install Windows 7 from USB – step by step. Let’s go there!
What is a bootable USB
A bootable USB drive has the function of housing an operating system or software that, in addition, can be booted from the start of the computer, allowing adjustments to be made to the computer’s base system or completely formatted. Bootable USBs have the same functions as a CD or DVD, but also offer the possibility of storing other files on their memory, since it shares the peculiarities of a classic USB and a bootable drive.
These bootable USB drives are ideal for newer computers since these usually do not have a built-in CD or DVD drive and, without bootable USB drives, these computers would have serious problems repairing and booting their system in certain cases, as well as formatting them completely. For their part, these drives are so versatile that they also allow data recovery, complete systems administration, and many other functions without the need to affect computer files; the best of all? you can change its functions as many times as necessary without any risk.
In a bootable USB drive, you can install a complete operating system and use it from a computer with a different system and, in addition, you can also install any type of software, from editing programs to video games. To create your own bootable USB with Windows 7, follow the steps below:
- The first thing you should do is make your USB bootable or bootable. To do this, connect your USB drive to your computer and check that it has 4 or more GB of storage.
- Next, go to the Windows “Start” menu and select the “All Programs” option. Go to “Accessories” and right-click on “Command Prompt”. You must run this last option as an administrator.
- When the MS-DOS pop-up window opens (you will recognize it by its black background), you will see new commands that will tell the system that the USB drive should be made Bootable. To achieve this, type “diskpart” and hit “Enter”.
- After this step, you must wait for the word “diskpart” to appear again and type “list disk” before pressing Enter. When you have done this, the storage disk units that your computer has will appear, even removable ones such as USB.
- Don’t get lost, because to carry out the next step, you will have to write “select disk” plus the number or letter to which the USB drive belongs. Once again, hit Enter.
- Then type “clean” and hit Enter; This last action is the one that will finally format the USB drive. You must be very careful not to select the wrong unit.
- When this action has been processed, type “create partition primary” and hit Enter. Keep typing “select partition 1” and hit Enter again. When you’ve done this, type “active” and, as always, hit Enter.
- We’re done, so pay close attention to the last two steps: type “format fs = ntfs” and hit Enter. Wait for the process to finish and when it’s ready, type “assign” and hit Enter again.
- To complete the process, you will only have to type “exit”. You can now enjoy your bootable USB.
Also Read:- Upgrade Windows 7 To Windows 11
How to download Windows 7
To download the Windows 7 operating system to your computer as an ISO image, you just have to follow the steps that we will present below. However, before you start the download, you should make sure you meet these requirements :
- The first thing you must have to download Windows 7 through its official website is the product key because without it you will not be able to download the software.
- You must have a stable internet connection.
- Have enough space on the computer’s hard drive or on the USB drive where it will be stored (minimum 4 GB).
- In addition, you should consult the minimum requirements that the computer where Windows 7 will be installed must-have.
With the aforementioned results, we are going to proceed with the step by step of how to download Windows 7 below:
- Enter the product key in the box where it is required, keep in mind that it consists of 25 characters. The key to download Windows 7 is in the box of the purchased product, either in physical version or online through an email that you will have received after purchase.
- After verifying the validation key of the operating system, you must select the language you want from the pop-up menu.
- Next, and this is one of the most important steps, you must select the version of Windows that best suits your computer, be it 32 or 64 bits. Keep in mind that you will receive both versions through the links.
- After selecting the correct version from the link, the download will start automatically.
How to install Windows 7 from USB: step by step
As we have seen, downloading Windows 7 is an easy task, so now you just have to take it to your bootable USB drive and install it on the computers you want. Find out how to install Windows 7 from a pen drive with the step by step that we present below:
- The first thing you should do, and already having a bootable USB, is to copy the Windows 7 software to the unit. Remember that if you have an ISO image you must unzip it before copying it to USB.
- Next, you must turn off your computer in order to insert the bootable USB drive with the copied operating system. To access the system boot panel, you must turn on the computer and press any of the F12, F9, F11, F8, F10 or ESC keys + any of the aforementioned keys or TAB.
- Once you are inside the boot system menu, look for the option “Boot Menu” and press Enter.
- As soon as you can enter the Boot Menu, look for the “USB” option and hit Enter again. In some cases, this option may be presented to you under the name “Removable Devices.”
- Next, go to the “exit” option and wait for the computer to restart to boot with the bootable USB drive.
- Once the Windows 7 operating system installer starts, you will only have to follow the instructions that the installation wizard will indicate.
After this last step, you will already know how to install Windows 7 from USB and you will be able to enjoy this modern version as much as you want.
If you want to read more articles similar to How to install Windows 7 from USB – step by step, we recommend that you enter our PC-Tutorials category.
How to Fix a Slow Refreshing File Explorer
In the past few days, I have experienced a problem that I often encounter with the File Explorer Windows 10 that I use, where when I’m at work, for example, I want to create a new folder, the folder is created, but it doesn’t appear like File Explorer doesn’t refresh the directory list, the same the case when renaming where the folder name is still the same.
Because I often encounter this problem when I am out of the house, one thing that makes me suspicious is a problem with Quick Access which might make File Explorer slow and even fail to auto-refresh. Then what is the problem?
Well in my case with this problem, please note that I usually save the network folder in Quick Access for faster access, you can see the article itself on the following page: How to Quickly Access Network Folder in Windows 10
At home, File Explorer looks fine and there are no problems, as long as the network and network folders that I save can be accessed properly, but when outside, File Explorer becomes quite problematic, so to fix this problem, I simply delete the existing Network Folder in Quick Access only.
The same thing might happen to you, and if you find File Explorer Slow Refreshing, you can check it. But if it turns out that the problem is not from there, you can check the following things.
Cek File System
To check for possible errors with the Windows file system, you can open Command Prompt as Admin and type the following command:
And if there is a problem, usually the system will automatically fix it. But if it still fails, there are several other steps you can try, including:
Restart File Explorer via Task Manager
Please open Task Manager > on the Process tab, please search for Windows Explorer and click Restart.
Now, please try some of the steps above, in my case this problem was caused by the Network Folder that I saved in Quick Access, if by chance you also have it, please delete the folder and please restart File Explorer via Task Manager, the problem should now be resolved.
How? have you got enlightenment? if so, hopefully, this article will be useful, but if you have other steps and maybe there are other different causes, don’t hesitate to share your experiences below guys.
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