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# Difference between Bits and Bytes

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Bit Bytes are both data units, but there is a fundamental difference between the two. Just listen, guys, for the following explanation!

So here, Guys, One byte is equivalent to eight bits, and the bit you can think of as the smallest unit of data measurement.

A bit can be either 0 or 1. The computer reads and processes the information with the representation of each of these “instructions” as bits.

Computers also send and receive data as ones and zerosâ€” bits. Regardless of the amount of data transmitted over the network or stored or retrieved from storage, information is streamed as bits.

## DIFFERENCE BETWEEN BITS AND BYTES

#### Bits/s

When data is transmitted over a network medium, it is usually written in bit/s, kilobit/s(kbps), megabit/s (Mbps), or gigabit/s (Gbps). Here’s a more specific explanation, Guys.

As network speeds have increased, it has become easier to describe transmission speeds in higher units of measurement. For example from 9600 bit/s to 14.4 kbit/s to 28.8 kbit/s to 56 kbit/s to 128 kbit/s.

And now that’s the calculation from 1Mbits/s then 100 Mbits/s then 1000 Mbits/s (1Gb/s), 10000 Mb/s (10Gbit/s). Since the transmission medium has changed over the years, so have the transmission rates.

#### Bytes/s

Whereas Bytes/s stores and retrieves data locally on the computer, faster than sending it over the network. Transmission over the web but still limited by the transmission medium used.

As file sizes have increased, it becomes easier to understand how long it will take to store or retrieve files. The key to understanding the terminology for storage is to remember that eight bits equal one byte.

So, in short, the difference between Bits and Bytes, such as the one Megabyte file example, is an 8,000,000 bit file. This means the file is made up of 8,000,000 ones and zeros and can be stored at a rate of one MB/s or 8,000,000 bits/s.

# What is eSIM (Electronic SIM Card)?

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Have you heard of eSIM lately? If you have one, an eSIM is a replacement for a physical SIM card that connects your phone to the cellular network, but an eSIM is much smaller.

The biggest difference between an eSIM and a regular SIM card is that the eSIM is pre-installed on the motherboard of the phone or other device. You don’t need to insert a physical SIM card anymore, and of course, you can’t remove it.

And indirectly this also means that you also can’t change your number or switch to another operator, because the information on the eSIM can be rewritten. It can all be done instantly and easily.

The similarities between an eSIM card and a SIM card are usually the same technology used and run on the same GSM network.

To use an eSIM, you must use an operator that already has the technology and network that can support it and of course, you must have a mobile phone or device that is compatible with eSIM.

Currently, most operators such as AT&T and T-Mobile in the United States have started using this technology, EE operators in the UK, currently, the operator that supports eSIM Smartfren.

## Supported Devices with eSIM

In terms of devices that support eSIM, it seems that it is still limited, currently what is supported are devices that can be categorized as high-end devices, including:

## iPhones :

• iPhone 12 and iPhone 13 series
• iPhone 11
• iPhone XS
• iPhone XR
• iPhone SE

• iPad Air 3
• iPad Mini 5
• iPad Pro 2
• Apple iPad Air 4
• Apple iPad Pro 3

## Android:

• Google Pixel 2
• Pixel 5a 5G
• Pixel 6
• Samsung Galaxy S20
• Samsung S21
• Samsung S22
• Samsung Fold
• Samsung Flip
• Samsung Note20 Series.
• Huawei P40 and P40 Pro`
• Surface Duo from Microsoft
• Moto Razr 2019

# What is a Virtual Private Server

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In the world of web hosting, Virtual Private Server (VPS) has become a popular choice for website owners who are looking for a flexible and cost-effective solution. A VPS is a virtual machine that is hosted on a physical server, which allows the user to have full control over their server environment, similar to a dedicated server. In this article, we will explain what a Virtual Private Server is, how it works, and its benefits.

## What is a Virtual Private Server?

A Virtual Private Server is a virtual machine that is created on a physical server, which is partitioned into multiple smaller virtual servers. Each virtual server is isolated from one another, and the user is provided with complete root access to the operating system, which means the user can install any software or application they want, as long as it is compatible with the operating system.

A VPS is a combination of shared hosting and dedicated hosting. It provides the user with a dedicated operating system, which means that the user can install their applications and software without affecting other virtual servers hosted on the same physical server.

## How does a Virtual Private Server work?

A VPS works by virtualizing the physical server, which means that it creates a virtual environment on top of the existing hardware. The virtualization software creates multiple virtual servers that are independent of one another, and the user is given full access to the operating system.

The virtualization software used in VPS hosting is called hypervisor. The hypervisor is responsible for creating and managing the virtual servers. It creates a virtual machine for each user, which is isolated from other virtual machines. This ensures that the user has complete control over their environment and that they are not affected by other users on the same physical server.

## Benefits of a Virtual Private Server

There are several benefits of using a VPS, including:

### Cost-effective

A VPS is a cost-effective solution compared to a dedicated server. The user can get the benefits of a dedicated server at a lower cost.

### Scalability

A VPS is scalable, which means that the user can increase or decrease their resources as per their requirements. The user can upgrade their resources as their website grows, which ensures that they do not have to pay for resources they do not need.

### Control

A VPS provides the user with complete control over their environment, which means that they can install any software or application they want.

### Security

A VPS is more secure than shared hosting as the user has complete control over their environment. They can install security software and customize the server settings to enhance security.

### Reliability

A VPS is more reliable than shared hosting as the user is not affected by other users on the same physical server. The user can customize their server settings to ensure maximum uptime.

## Steps to set up a Virtual Private Server

Setting up a VPS is a straightforward process. Here are the steps to set up a VPS:

### Step 1: Choose a VPS provider

The first step is to choose a VPS provider. There are many VPS providers in the market, and the user should choose the one that best fits their requirements.

#### Step 2: Choose the operating system

The user should choose the operating system they want to use. The most popular operating systems used in VPS hosting are Linux and Windows.

#### Step 3: Choose the resources

The user should choose the resources they want to allocate to their virtual machine. The resources include CPU, RAM, and storage.

#### Step 4: Configure the VPS

Once the user has chosen their resources, they should configure their VPS. The user should customize their server settings to ensure maximum uptime and security.

## Step 5: Install applications

The user can now install any application or software they want on their virtual machine.

# What are the Different Types of Network Cables

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Network cables are the physical medium that connects computing devices to form a local area network (LAN) or a wide area network (WAN). There are several types of network cables that serve different purposes and have varying capabilities in terms of speed and data transfer rate.

## Coaxial Cable

Coaxial cable is a type of network cable that is widely used in cable television systems, broadband internet, and other applications where high-frequency signals are transmitted. It is characterized by its characteristic cylindrical shape and an insulating layer that surrounds the core. Coaxial cable is made up of a central conductor surrounded by insulation, a metal shield, and a protective outer jacket.

## Twisted Pair Cable

Twisted pair cable is a type of network cable that is widely used for voice and data transmission. It is made up of two or more insulated wires that are twisted together to reduce electrical noise and interference. The most common types of twisted pair cables are Category 5 (CAT5), Category 5e (CAT5e), and Category 6 (CAT6).

## Fiber Optic Cable

Fiber optic cable is a type of network cable that uses light to transmit data over long distances. It is made up of a glass or plastic core surrounded by a cladding material and protective jackets. Fiber optic cable is known for its high bandwidth and high-speed data transfer rate, making it ideal for use in large-scale networks and high-speed data transmission applications.

## Ethernet Cable

Ethernet cable is a type of network cable that is widely used for local area networks (LANs) and is the most common type of network cable used in homes and small businesses. Ethernet cables come in different speeds and categories, including Category 5 (CAT5), Category 5e (CAT5e), and Category 6 (CAT6).

## Serial Cable

Serial cable is a type of network cable that is used to connect two devices together in a point-to-point configuration. It is commonly used to connect printers, modems, and other peripherals to a computer or network.

## FireWire Cable

FireWire cable is a type of network cable that is used to connect high-speed devices such as digital cameras, camcorders, and external hard drives. It is known for its high speed and low latency, making it ideal for real-time data transmission.

In conclusion

There are several types of network cables each with its own unique features and capabilities. The type of network cable used depends on the specific requirements of the network, such as speed, data transfer rate, and distance. When choosing a network cable, it is important to consider the specific needs of your network and choose a cable that can meet those needs.

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