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How to Make Your Own Server Using Linux

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How to Make Your Own Server Using LinuxHow to Make Your Own Server Using Linux

Building a server using Linux must be adjusted to your needs, for example, you want to create a database server, active directory, web server, proxy, FTP server, cloud data, monitoring server, and so on. So in this article, I will break it down into several Linux server topics so you can read and follow them without having to sequentially.

SKILLS REQUIRED

Of course, you must already be able to operate the Linux operating system because this section is for intermediate users so you must also be familiar with Linux commands besides that you must already understand the network settings on the router because this will be interrelated when you build a server.

Intention to learn is the most important thing and this article will guide you to become a reliable human resource in the Linux server field.

EQUIPMENT

For those of you who want to learn to build servers using Linux, you can prepare the tools you need:

  • Physical Server or Virtual Private Server
  • For a cheap router, I suggest you use a Mikrotik router.
  • It’s much easier if you already have your own lab network.

COST OF CREATING A LINUX SERVER

Of course, there must be a cost that you have to invest to make a Linux server especially if you want to make an actual server and these costs include purchasing:

  • Server Computer
  • Server Operating System
  • Server / Data Center Storage Locations
  • Server Rack
  • Monthly electricity costs due to 24 hours live server
  • Virtualization if you want to use virtualization

WANT TO LEARN TO BUILD A CHEAP LINUX SERVER? VPS IS THE ANSWER

Because the costs required to make their own servers are very expensive, IT companies took the initiative to make large servers and break them into servers with smaller resources (logically using virtualization/hypervisor) to be rented out to people who need servers at very low prices so that all people can have a server on the internet. The server that is rented is a virtual server or better known as a VPS (Virtual Private Server). You can use a Virtual Private Server or often called a VPS to reduce server costs.

WHAT IS A VPS?

A virtual server means that this server is not in physical form but is virtual by utilizing Hypervisor technology to split/split physical server resources into several virtual servers (Virtual Machines) with smaller specs (Virtual Hardware).

In 1 physical server with large resources/specs, it can be split into several virtual servers with smaller specs that have the same functions and features as normal physical computers, as illustrated below

How to Make Your Own Server Using Linux

With $7 -$14 you can already rent and have a VPS server which you can later install Linux and use as a Linux server.

You can also use a computer with good specifications in the campus lab, office, or at home to be used as a medium for learning to make Linux servers.

DATA CENTER

Servers are generally stored in a facility/place called a Data Center, inside the data center is equipped with stable electricity that never dies, an air conditioning or air conditioning system, and a stable internet network because the server must be accessible 24 hours non-stop. and can’t die.

The data center provides physical server rental and rack space rental services that are very much needed by companies that want to create backup servers (disaster recovery), colocation, or even main servers. data center with guaranteed safe and comfortable facilities :D.

The amount of the rental fee depends on the services provided by the data center manager such as public IP, internet speed, electricity, server manager licenses, etc. which will be used by the server you have.

If you have a physical computer in the data center (either rented or own), you can install the hypervisor on the physical server and make it a VPS and you can sell it ^_^.

LINUX SERVER OPERATING SYSTEM

Linux distributions have provided a special Linux version for the server, when you download the Linux ISO file there will be a choice of versions for Desktop / Workstation or Server, you can choose to download the server version.

How to Make Your Own Server Using Linux

ENTERPRISE

The Enterprise Operating System means the paid version of the Linux server and currently, the most widely used is Linux from the RedHat and Suse companies. Linux Enterprise has long support for the operating system and has IT consulting partners to solve technical solutions.

So you need to set aside a budget in IT to buy an enterprise Linux operating system but it’s all worth the cost and service you will get.

COMMUNITY

This operating system means that it is open source and free to download and use, the difference with the enterprise version is that it is clear that this version does not have long support for the operating system and does not have a special consulting partner to address technical solutions. So everything is done jointly by you from installation, maintenance, and upgrades.

In this discussion of learning the Linux servers, we will use the community version of the Linux server (Community Edition) as the operating system. Creating your own server with Linux is easy and I will teach you all the processes in detail.

LINUX INSTALLATION FOR SERVER

The way and process of installing the Linux operating system depend on the type of server you are using (VPS or physical computer), so I will describe the installation process according to your needs, so choose one of the installation processes according to your needs.

VPS INSTALLATION

SERVER INSTALLATION

VIRTUALIZATION INSTALLATION

  • Creating Server Virtualization
  • OpenStack Cloud

Linux Proxy Server

Creating a Proxy Server Using SQUID

Linux Server Monitoring

  • Monitoring network with NAGIOS
  • Monitoring devices with CACTI

Linux Web Server

  • Creating a Webserver using Apache
  • create a webserver using NGINX

Linux Database Server

  • Creating Database Server using MySQL Database
  • Creating Database Server using PostgreSQL Database

Creating a Linux Data Cloud Server

  • Creating a File Server with SAMBA
  • Create cloud data like google drive using OwnCloud
  • Creating FTP Server

Creating a VOIP Server

  • VOIP server using Elastix

Creating a Linux Mail Server

  • Creating a Mail Server using Zimbra

DNS Servers on Linux

  • Manage DNS using BIND


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Linux

How to install Ubuntu from USB

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How to install Ubuntu from USB

The world of operating systems is not just made up of Windows and macOS, on the contrary: there are many intriguing and free possibilities out there. In case you have not grasped the reference, we are talking about the family of open-source Linux OS, and in particular the popular Ubuntu distro, able to offer solutions potentially suitable for a large number of users. I know: there is often a bit of fear in approaching this type of operating system, but in reality, it must be said that the passing of the years has made everything much easier.

In fact, understanding how to install Ubuntu from USB has become easier than ever nowadays. The classic myth that is regularly narrated about the Linux world is that relating to the terminal and the dreaded commands related to the latter: in reality, a Linux distribution like Ubuntu has shown that it is possible to do essentially everything without too many problems even through a Free OS of this type. Yes, even for those who are not exactly PC experts.

On the other hand, Canonical’s OS integrates the Ubuntu Software Center digital store for downloading apps and already includes by default tools useful for browsing the Web and writing documents, just to mention some particularly common needs. Plus, it costs nothing to try (if not a little time): it’s all free and you may already have all the tools available to proceed. For the rest there are the quick indications below: I just have to wish you good reading!

Preliminary operations and minimum requirements

Before explaining in detail the procedure on how to install Ubuntu from USB, I would like to make some clarifications that may be useful to you.

First of all, if you are a novice user, you must know that nowadays there are tons of possibilities to try and install Ubuntu. In this guide, I will deepen the more classic method, the one that even those who have a little more than years on their shoulders know, that is the installation via USB (CD / DVDs are now outdated, so much so that even many recent PCs do not even have more than that type of reader, you have to take note).

However, I want to tell you that going through this method is not always the most comfortable option, especially for a person who has no experience in installing operating systems. Therefore, if you feel you are not quite ready, the invitation is to deepen my generic guide on how to install Ubuntu, in which I have analyzed all the options at your disposal, from virtualization to the Windows subsystem for Linux (I have also deepened the Mac question, which I will not deal with here).

In that case, it generally comes down to compromises in terms of performance, but it must be said that usually, a good number of users are satisfied with that type of experience, which is also useful if you want to continue using Windows at the same time. In short, if you have a decent PC and you don’t have too many needs, surely the aforementioned methods are much more comfortable than installing via USB (they really require a few clicks).

However, if you try to talk about it with a Linux enthusiast, the latter will most likely tell you that the real installation of Ubuntu is the one via USB, that it is not really anything complex and that there is even the possibility of testing the OS in live mode before installing it.

This is true: if you have a minimum of familiarity with the PC world, installing Ubuntu from USB will be anything but a titanic undertaking. However, I wanted to review even the simplest possibilities, certainly more suitable for those who do not feel completely safe or who need to do everything quickly and do not want to risk.

In fact, although everything has now been simplified to the maximum, during the installation procedure of Ubuntu from USB you still go to touch the disk partitions. You understand well therefore that there is always some risk in that type of operation. The advice is therefore to proceed in this way only if you really need it and if you understand what you are doing. In this context, I clearly do not take any responsibility in case of problems with the PC due to the irresponsible use of the information contained in this guide.

In any case, you will immediately understand if this procedure is right for you or not: I will immediately explain the preliminary operations that generally need to be implemented to complete the installation correctly.

Well, there are basically four issues: the first is the one related to the backup, which you may want to do if you care about the data contained in your PC. The second is related to setting the USB key as the primary drive for booting (generally you have to go through the BIOS or in any case for a boot-related menu available at boot time). The third question is related to the Secure Boot option, which you may want to set to Disabled from the BIOS. Finally, the fourth issue is that of Windows fast startup, which you may want to disable.

These are just some of the possible issues that you may want to investigate, as depending on the computer at your disposal, other aspects may emerge that need to be fixed. In short, if at this point you have not understood anything, it is probably good to follow the options I indicated above and see if you can use Ubuntu even without going through the installation from USB.

If, on the other hand, you have fully understood what is stated and are interested in proceeding via USB, I will immediately give you some more information regarding the preliminary operations. For example, in addition to consulting the official Ubuntu guidelines and possibly referring to the always-on forum for specific questions related to your PC, I give you a little more information on a quick start.

In fact, deactivating the latter on Windows may not be exactly immediate. Well, to carry out this operation from an all in all recent version of Windows, for example, Windows 10 or Windows 11, you just need to search for power management using the Start button, click on the Choose power scheme box and select the option Specify button behaviour power supply. After that, you may be prompted to press the Change settings currently unavailable item and move the Enable quick start option to OFF, then save the changes by pressing the Save changes button.

In short, now you know a little bit of everything there is to know about the preliminary operations and the general context. Clearly, there are a ton of variables at play, but at least you now have an overview of what generally needs to be done to prepare for this type of installation.

For the rest, you obviously need a USB stick to proceed. In this context, things have changed over the years: the classic 2GB pen is now no longer enough: it is good to use a USB stick of at least 4GB, otherwise, you may encounter some problems during the procedure. In this context, you may want to check out my tutorial on the best USB sticks (which can lead you to make a more informed purchase).

Net of this, clearly your PC must meet Ubuntu’s minimum requirements, which you can find below.

  • Processor: dual-core x86 at 2GHz or higher;
  • RAM: at least 2GB (4GB is recommended);
  • Disk space: 25 GiB;
  • Video card: the resolution of at least 1024 x 768 pixels, as well as 3D acceleration. At least 128 MiB of memory (256 MiB and 1280 x 1024 pixels are recommended);
  • Other: Internet connection to download installation and BIOS files capable of booting from USB.

In any case, Ubuntu is now able to support a little bit of all available hardware configurations, so you shouldn’t run into any particular problems. However, clearly before proceeding you may want to take a look at the components mounted by your PC, in order to verify that the above requirements are met. In any case, I may have already given you indications on where to ask your specific questions (see the forum mentioned above).

For the rest, it must be said that by performing a dual boot, or by placing Ubuntu alongside Windows (and obviously reserving the right space for the operating system linked to the Linux world), Microsoft’s OS data will not be deleted (at least if you follow all the instructions correctly), so from that point of view you can rest assured (although it’s always good to make a backup, as I said earlier).

How to install Ubuntu on USB from Windows

Now that you are well informed about the preliminary operations and minimum requirements, we can move on to the actual procedure for installing Ubuntu from USB. In this case, I will give a practical example relating to a PC that already has Windows installed, but in reality, the steps to be taken are essentially those even if you have a computer without an OS, as I will explore in more detail in the tutorial. Below you can learn more.

Ubuntu download

The first topic to be addressed is clearly that of the Ubuntu download. In fact, to proceed with the installation you need to have an ISO image file linked to the operating system.

Finding it is very simple: once you reach the appropriate page of the Ubuntu official, all you have to do is select the Ubuntu edition and choose between the Desktop and Server options for what concerns the second drop-down menu, then pressing on the Start Download button to start the download. Let me give you some simple advice regarding this selection: if you are a simple user, you can safely leave everything as it is and proceed with the download.

However, if you have specific needs you can clearly make the choice according to your needs, for example by pointing to the LTS version of Ubuntu ( Long Term Support ), supported for 5 years instead of 9 months, if you are a user who wants to focus more on stability than about the latest features available. In any case, once the download is complete via your browser, you will have an ISO image file available.

Creating the Ubuntu USB stick

install Ubuntu from USB

After finding the Ubuntu installation file, it is time to proceed with the creation of the USB key, the tool you will need to then have the OS available.

I would say that the time has come to take your trusty USB stick of at least 4GB and insert it into the USB port of your computer (preferably already formatted in FAT32 ). Obviously, the latter must not contain important files, as the procedure you are about to carry out will delete everything inside the key.

In any case, I try to make the installation procedure as simple as possible for you, by going through a free program called Rufus, which can be booted on Windows without even installing it. To proceed, go to the official website of Rufus and press on the item Rufus 3. xx Portable. Subsequently, open the file obtained, first pressing the Yes button and then choosing whether or not to check for updates .rufus-xx.exe

Once you are in front of the main Rufus screen, it’s all a breeze: just check that the right USB key is selected, press the SELECT button and choose the ISO image file you downloaded previously. Then, if you have no particular needs, you can safely avoid changing the other options and click on the START button, possibly changing only the volume label (the name given to the USB key) and pressing in succession on the OK, Yes and OK keys to confirm your will, finally waiting for the end of the operation.

Note: if you are wondering, for example, how to install Ubuntu from USB UEFI, the important thing is to select the BIOS or UEFI option in the Target System menu. Also, in case of any problems, I recommend that you take a look at the Ubuntu guidelines related to UEFI technology.

Ubuntu installation

Now that you have a USB stick with Ubuntu, it’s time for the final phase, that is, the actual installation of the OS on your computer.

Generally, the thorniest issue for a novice user is that of booting from USB. Put simply, you have to tell the computer to give priority to the key over, for example, the hard drive. Unfortunately, I cannot go into more detail about the procedure, as each computer model is a story in itself.

However, generally, this is nothing more than restarting the computer, pressing the right key at boot time and selecting the appropriate option from the boot menu or possibly setting priorities from the BIOS, then applying the changes. In short, you may want to consult my tutorial on how to enter the BIOS, but if you have a minimum of familiarity with the PC world you should not have too many problems in proceeding (also because I had already warned you in the preliminary chapter.

For the rest, once you have successfully booted from USB and selected the Ubuntu option, as well as after waiting for the system to carry out all the necessary checks (for example, those relating to the file system), you will access the main screen relating to the installation of the OS.

I advise you to select the English option on the left, in order to proceed in this language. Otherwise, you will notice that there are two possibilities: Try Ubuntu and Install Ubuntu. In the first case, you can test the operating system before even installing it on the SSD / hard drive, in order to carry out various tests and also try to understand if the operating system is actually for you.

In any case, returning to your goal, that is to install Ubuntu on the PC, once you press the Install Ubuntu button, the procedure becomes a breeze, as it is guided and in English. In short, from here on you could also easily proceed by yourself following the instructions that appear on the screen, but don’t worry: I will give you a hand until the end.

Well, now you will be asked to set the keyboard layout (you can always select English) and click on the Next button. At this point, you will have to make a choice: if you usually use, for example, office programs and multimedia players, you can focus on the Normal installation option, while if you simply need a browser for Web browsing and little else you can safely proceed by selecting a Minimal Installation.

At this stage, among other things, you can also choose whether to install additional third-party software (concerning, for example, the graphics area) and whether to download updates relating to the OS during installation (obviously you must have an Internet connection in this case) Once you have made all the appropriate choices, you can press the Next button to continue.

At this point, there are crossroads related to dual booting. Choose, therefore, whether to possibly install Ubuntu alongside Windows or whether to proceed individually with the OS linked to the Linux world (thus deleting the disk). In case you were wondering, yes: the Other option can come in handy if you need to manually set the partitions (I recommend that you only consider this possibility if you are an expert user after all).

In any case, once you click on the Install button, present at the bottom right, as well as select the location where you are (for example, Rome) and click on the Next button to confirm, you will be prompted to quickly set other options such as name, username, computer name, password and password confirmation. There is also the possibility to choose whether to always ask for authentication: then press the Next button to continue.

At this point, it’s done: you just have to leave the computer to carry out all the necessary operations relating to the installation. You will understand when everything is finished thanks to the appearance of a specific message on the screen. To conclude everything, you just have to click on the Restart now button, remove the USB key from the appropriate port and select the Ubuntu option from the appropriate selection menu (in case of problems with the latter, you may want to consult my guide on how to reset GRUB ).

Perfect, after the first start of the operating system, you will access the Ubuntu desktop (the equivalent of the Windows desktop, so to speak) and you can safely start using the Canonical operating system. Sure, you may be asked to do some other quick final configuration (for example, relating to Livepatch, which allows you to update your PC without rebooting it), but then you are free to delve into the Linux world.

Great: You now have Ubuntu at your disposal. You can therefore start to get familiar with the simple interface but to really start using the operating system properly, I suggest you consult my guide on the best programs for Ubuntu, in order to understand where to look also from that point of view. view.

How to install Ubuntu from USB on PC without an operating system

How do you say? To save a bit, did you buy one of the so-called No-OS PCs that are now also found on online stores such as Amazon and were you thinking of installing Ubuntu as an operating system? No problem, I immediately analyze the matter.

In this case, simply follow the directions I indicated in the previous chapters since everything is essentially the same. Simply, once you have created the USB stick with Ubuntu, just insert it into the appropriate port on your PC, press the button to boot from the stick (or enter the BIOS and change the priorities, if necessary).

After that, the installation procedure is exactly the same as the one I described in the dedicated chapter. In short, very few changes if the part base is a Windows computer or a No-OS (except of course that in the latter case there will be no option for dual boot).

In any case, obviously, the procedure varies according to your needs of the computer at your disposal, but now you know a little bit of everything there is to know on the matter. Among other things, if you want to deepen the subject at a general level, you can refer to my tutorial on how to install an operating system. You may also be interested in taking a look at my guide related to the best Linux distros, in order to have a broader awareness of what the open-source world offers (and therefore go beyond Ubuntu).

image:- Ubuntu

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How to install XAMPP on Linux without complications

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How to install XAMPP on Linux without complications

Having a full web server locally can be tricky, but there is a package that makes this process easy: XAMPP. To get this feature on your system, see how to install XAMPP on Linux below.

XAMPP is a platform-independent server, which mainly consists of MySQL database, Apache web server, and interpreters for scripting languages: PHP and Perl.

The name XAMPP comes from the abbreviation of X (for any of the different operating systems), Apache, MySQL, PHP, Perl.

It acts as a free web server, is easy to use, and is capable of interpreting dynamic pages. Currently, XAMPP is available for Microsoft Windows, GNU/Linux, Solaris, and macOS X.

Find out which is the best NET promotion for you and receive incredible discounts. Check out!

For more details on how to configure and secure XAMPP, please visit this page.

Installing XAMPP on Linux

To install XAMPP on Linux, do the following:

Step 1. Open a terminal;
Step 2. Check if your system is 32-bit or 64-bit, for that, use the following command in the terminal:

     uname -m

Step 3. If you are using a 32-bit system, use the command below to download the program. If the link is out of date, go to this page and download the latest version and save it as xampp-installer.run:

    wget https://ufpr.dl.sourceforge.net/project/xampp/XAMPP%20Linux/7.4.11/xampp-linux-7.4.11-0-installer.run -O xampp-installer.run

Step 4. If you are using a 64-bit system, use the command below to download the program. If the link is out of date, go to this page and download the latest version and save it as xampp-installer.run:

    wget "https://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Linux/7.4.22/xampp-linux-x64-7.4.22-0-installer.run/download" -O xampp-installer.run

or

    wget "https://sourceforge.net/projects/xampp/files/XAMPP%20Linux/8.0.9/xampp-linux-x64-8.0.9-0-installer.run/download" -O xampp-installer.run

Step 5. Make the file executable with the command below;

    chmod +x xampp-installer.run

Step 6. Start XAMPP installation, with the following command;

    sudo ./xampp-installer.run

Step 7. When it appears, follow the steps of the installation and configuration wizard:

How to install XAMPP on Linux without complications

Step 8. If your current graphical environment supports and is 32 bits, create a launcher for the program, executing the command below;

    echo -e '[Desktop Entry]\n Version=1.0\n Name=xampp\n Exec=gksudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux.run\n Icon=/opt/lampp/icons/world1.png\n Type=Application\n Categories=Application' | sudo tee /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop

Step 9. If your current graphical environment supports and is 64 bits, create a launcher for the program, executing the command below;

   echo -e '[Desktop Entry]\n Version=1.0\n Name=xampp\n Exec=gksudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux-x64.run\n Icon=/opt/lampp/icons/world1.png\n Type=Application\n Categories=Application' | sudo tee /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop

Step 10. For the shortcut to work correctly, install GKSU with the command below. If your distribution is not Debian-derived, look for the program in their package manager and install it;

sudo apt-get install gksu

Ready! Now, when you want to start the program, type sudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux.run(32-bit) or sudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux-x64.run(64-bit) or into a terminal, followed by the TAB key.

If your distribution supports it, put the shortcut on your desktop using the system file manager or the command below, and use it to start the program.

    sudo chmod +x /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop
    cp /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop  ~/Área\ de\ Trabalho/

If your system is in English, use this command to copy the shortcut to your desktop:

   cp /usr/share/applications/xampp.desktop ~/Desktop

For more details on this task, see this tutorial:
How to add application shortcuts to the Unity desktop
If you like, you can also use the system file manager to run the program, just by opening its folder and clicking on its executable.

Administering, verifying, and uninstalling XAMPP

To Administer, verify, and uninstall XAMPP on Linux, do the following:

Step 1. Open a terminal;
Step 2. If you want to start XAMPP through the terminal, use this command:

    sudo /opt/lampp/lampp start

Step 3. Or simply use the program’s graphical interface to start or stop the web server. To run it, use the shortcuts created, or simply type the command sudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux.runon 32-bit sudo /opt/lampp/manager-linux-x64.runsystems or , on 64-bit systems;

How to install XAMPP on Linux without complications

Step 4. To verify that the webserver is running, enter the following address into a browser:

    http://localhost

Step 5. If the installation worked, this page will appear:

How to install XAMPP on Linux without complications

Ready! You now have a web server on your system. But if you prefer LAMP, take a look at this tutorial:

Install LAMP on Linux and have a web server on your PC

Managing XAMPP via Terminal on Linux
To manage all XAMPP services via the terminal, do the following:

starting

To start all xampp services, use the following command in the terminal.

   sudo /opt/lampp/xampp start

To start Apache only, use:

sudo /opt/lampp/xampp startapache

To start just the Proftpd FTP server, use:

   sudo /opt/lampp/xampp startftp

To start the MySQL database server only:

   sudo /opt/lampp/xampp startmysql

stopping

To stop all xampp services, use the following command in the terminal.

   sudo /opt/lampp/xampp stop

To stop Apache only, use:

   sudo /opt/lampp/xampp stopapache

To stop only the Proftpd FTP server, use:

  sudo /opt/lampp/xampp stopftp

To stop just the MySQL database server:

  sudo /opt/lampp/xampp stopmysql

restarting

To restart all xampp services, use the following command in the terminal.

  sudo /opt/lampp/xampp restart

And for other commands, you can check the xampp help section by running the following.

  sudo /opt/lampp/xampp --help

How to remove XAMPP on Linux

If you need to uninstall XAMPP from your system, do the following:

Step 1. Open a terminal;
Step 2. Uninstall the program by executing the following commands;

sudo /opt/lampp/lampp stop
sudo /opt/lampp/uninstall
sudo rm -rf /opt/lampp

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Things To Do After Installing Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

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Things To Do After Installing Ubuntu 16.04 LTS Xenial Xerus

Perform System Updates & Upgrades


$ sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade -y

Install Ubuntu Restricted Extras For Media Codec


$ sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

Add Canonical Partners in Software Repository


go to Software & Updates -> move to the Other Software tab -> check the Canonical Partners option, then enter the password -> Close -> Reload

Install GIMP (for image editing needs)


$ sudo apt install gimp -y

Install Uget (download manager)


$ sudo apt install uget -y

Install BleachBit (application to clean cache, cookies, temporary files, logs, junk, etc.)


$ sudo apt install bleachbit -y

Install Video Player Application (choose one)


$ sudo apt install vlc

$ sudo apt install smplayer

Install GDebi Package Manager


$ sudo apt install gdebi

Fix (afraid there will be a problem when updating and installing the above application)


$ sudo apt-get install -f

Automatically clean junk that your Linux doesn’t need


$ sudo apt clean

$ sudo apt autoremove

Reboot


$ reboot

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How to Install New Windows 11 Insider Emoji on Windows 10 How to Install New Windows 11 Insider Emoji on Windows 10
Microsoft1 week ago

New Emoji Now Comes In Windows 11

SHARE Last October, we reported that Emoji in Windows 11 had been updated, at which time only a small number...

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